Other health problems more commonly seen in pugs include: Legg-Perthes, Luxating patella, Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), Entropion, Pigmentary keratitis, Elongated soft palate. (More about each affection can be found here.)
Pugs can also suffer from a chronic form of Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis (an inflammation of the brain) specific to the breed called Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE). PDE is estimated to occur in 1% of Pugs. There is no known cause or cure for PDE although it is believed to be an inherited disease. PDE is invariably fatal. All dogs either die or are put to sleep within a few months after the onset of clinical signs. You can read more about the subject on the following page.
SMALL MOLOSSERS ( Small Molossians)
Living With Small and
Toy Dogs: Training, Behavior,
and Personality Differences
by Terry Jester
Pugs for Dummies
by Elaine Waldorf Gewirtz
The Pug Handbook
Living with a Pug
The New Pug
Pug Puppies 2005
365 days of Pugs
2005 Wall Calendar
Black Pugs 2005
The Tao of Pugs
Wilson the Pug
Photos & Quotes
Pugs in Public
A collection of color and black-and-white photographs that celebrates the eccentric world of pugs and their owners.
A small coffee table book with some lovely anecdotes about Pugs
The Complete Pug
Ellen S. Brown
Book of the Pug
Excess weight is one of the most common health issues seen in Pugs. Apart from being a problem in itself, excess weight may also contribute to or aggravate other health problems or risk factors, such as collapsing trachea, luxating patella, heat stroke, etc.
Like all flat-faced breeds, pugs do mind temperature extremes, so it is important to make sure that pugs do not overheat. Nor should they be left outside in very cold weather. Read more about heat stroke prevention in short-nosed breeds.
Therefore, pugs should never be fed on demand. Their diet should be closely monitored, and they should get sufficient exercise.
Because of their large, globular eyes, pugs can easily scratch their cornea.
Skin infections may develop in the wrinkles in their face if these are not kept clean.